A Yoga Practice Right For You eight limbs of Yoga

The Eight Limbs of Yoga, Find a Yoga Practice Right for You

There is much to Yoga than the physical postures associated with Asana.  Come and find the branch of Yoga that is right for you.

Find A Yoga Practice Right For You

To find the best practice, you need to know something about them.  We hope this article will help you find a qualified path that meets your needs.

Eight Limbs of Yoga VS Seven Traditional Yoga Paths

Yoga is the most widely practiced form of spiritual development.  Many in the West associate Yoga with physical postures. But the physical side is only one aspect of Yoga.  Many forms are designed to activate or clean our spiritual, physical, and mental energy.   The Indian system identifies seven energy centers along the spine called Chakras.

Indian folklore tells us Shiva, the Adiyogi, or the first yogi.  He lived before recorded history several thousand years ago.  He gave the system we know as Yoga to the Sapta Rishis.  These are the original seven sages.  He gave the knowledge verbally and did not leave a written record.

Legend has it Shiva was too wild to be a scholar.  He chose seven people and gave each a different aspect of yoga. These became the seven traditional Yoga paths.  Today there are hundreds of variations of these forms.

We know Patanjali as the father of modern yoga. However, he did not invent Yoga. Rather, he developed his own way of organizing the system.  Differences in the translation of his teachings led to hundreds of variations.  So, there are many ways to categorize them.  Here’s a way we think is helpful.  The goal of yoga asanas is to prepare one for the inner journey.  It all depends on the teacher and how they lead the practice.

There are seven traditional Yoga paths. But, there are eight limbs of Yoga.  So, things get a little confusing.  Both are a way of categorizing the components of the system.  Many see the seven paths as the oldest method.  The eight limbs come from Patanjali.  He is a later authoritative teacher around the 2nd century.  Patanjali categorized the elements of Yoga in a new way.  Here’s a comparison between the two:

The seven traditional types of Yoga are:

1) Jnana
2) Bhakti
3) Karma
4) Mantra
5) Raja
6) Tantra
7) Hatha

The Eight Limbs of Yoga defined by Patanjali

1) Discipline (Yamas)
2) Self Observation and self-training (Niyamas)
3) Postures (Asana)
4) Breathing exercises (Pranayama)
5) Withdrawal of the senses (Pratyahara)
6) Concentration (Dharana)
7) Meditation (Dhyana), and
8) Samādhi and the Siddhis.

There are several differences between the two.  The first and most obvious is the addition of Samadhi and Yoga Sutras of Patanjali.   His system also specifies other meditative practices. He breaks out concentration, self-observation, and sensory input withdrawal are separate categories.

The seven traditional forms include most of these practices.  The significant difference is the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, a later addition.  No matter which way you categorize them, you can see there’s a lot more to Yoga than physical postures.

The Different Paths of Yoga

Yoga has become hundreds of variations.  So, there are many ways to categorize them.  Here’s a little about some of the most popular types of yoga you’ll encounter today so that you can find a Yoga practice right for you.

Ashtanga

We also know this form as power yoga or the “eight limb path.”  Ashtanga is a physically demanding form, and not for beginners.  This method is a compilation of the late Sri K. Pattabhi Jois (1915-2009). It involves a progressively harder series of postures while synchronizing the breath.

Bhakti Yoga

Bhakti is a traditional Hinduism path and the second of the seven traditional methods.    It’s known as the Yoga of devotion and love for the Supreme God and Guru.  It is a multifaceted method intended to transcend all religious beliefs.

This practice harnesses our emotions’ energy and directs it for the greater good.  Its goal is oneness through rituals, verbalizing mantras, song, and dance.  The goal is to channel this energy into social and community action.

Bikram Yoga

This brand of Yoga is named after the controversial founder, Bikram Choudhury.  It uses 26 classic postures in increasing challenging progressions.  He copied the system’s former teacher in India, Bishnu Ghosh, younger brother of Paramahansa Yogananda, born Mukunda L. Ghosh.

He is known for an abrasive teaching style.  He is one of the first to use a heated room for yoga practice; the room’s high temperature and low humidity increase sweating.  The idea is sweating expedites the release of toxins. It’s a physically demanding practice, and definitely not for those who like cold weather.

Netflix did a documentary on this teacher, Bikram: Yogi, Guru, Predator.  Many students have filed several complaints from sexual assault to false imprisonment.

Hatha Yoga

Hatha is the seventh of the seven traditional methods. “Ha” means sun, and “Tha” means moon.  Hatha Yoga is a broad term that includes all physical types of practice. So, all other forms of Yoga are a subset of Hatha Yoga.  It is the most popular Yoga form in Western culture.  It is a form to balance mind, body, and spirit.

The Hatha method includes the use of Mudras.  These are hand gestures that help you focus on the practice.  It also incorporates a variety of Pranayama techniques for controlling breathing.  Many consider this form the basic science behind all physical aspects of Yoga. These methods help bring harmony to the chakras and energy points throughout our body.

There are ever-more forms of Hatha Yoga emerging, such as Pre-Natal Yoga, Acro-Yoga, and Yin Yoga.  This Yoga form is versatile and can be modified for any stage and situation in life.

Iyengar Yoga

Iyengar Yoga is the creation of B. K. S. Iyengar.  This a form that focuses on alignment or realigning the body.   It is ideal for physical therapy, recovery of injuries, and joint problems.

Japa Meditation

Japa is a seated meditation technique.  It’s the primary inner work tool of the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali.  It is the key to the eight limbs of yoga.  It is the most common meditation technique used to reach Samādhi = the transcendent state of consciousness.

The 4th state of consciousness is a state which differs significantly from waking, sleeping, or dreaming. The body produces a unique set of measurable physical responses when you use this technique. It lowers heart rate and respiration while increasing skin resistance.  One achieves a profound state of rest while the mind remains alert.

This technique is commercially available under the name Transcendental Meditation or TM.  Maharishi Mahesh Yogi Maharishi (1918-2008) is one of the meditation movement’s primary pioneers.

Jnana Yoga

Jnana is a yoga practice that focuses on knowledge and wisdom. It uses a process similar to the repeating question technique.  The idea is you try to get to the core answer without the interference of any previous conditioning or assumptions.  To know that we don’t know and look within for all the answers.

Jnana is the first of the seven traditional yoga forms.  Many trace its lineage to Vedas and the early Upanishads.   Jnana and Raja Yoga use meditation methods to investigate the mind’s subtleties.

Jivamukti

This school promotes a holistic approach combining several of the most popular techniques.   It uses Vinyasa style postures and self-reflection, chanting, breathing exercises, and meditation.

Karma Yoga

Karma Yoga is the third of the seven traditional forms.  It is a Yoga practice focusing on positive action.  This is the primary focus of those who become monks.  It shows kindness without the expectations of reward other than by showing kindness.

It can be an unnoticed deed like cleaning up litter, fixing a fallen sign, or saving a drowning insect. These things are acts of kindness. It revolves around doing things for the greater good.

The Bhagavad Gita is the primary source of this philosophy and practice.  It focuses on self-talk to transform attitude.  This idea is to view all actions as an act of sacrifice to our divine nature.  The application of this practice makes daily activities meaningful.

Kripalu Yoga

Are you looking for a Yoga form that blended form that uses traditional physical postures?  Kripula Yoga is for you.  The focus is on self-reflection using pranayama, music for deep relaxation, and some basic forms of seated meditation.  It is considered an excellent all-around Yoga form with both seated and moving practices.  It’s good preparation for Japa Meditation and The Siddhis.

Kundalini Yoga

Kundalini is another powerful seated meditative practice.  It uses mudras, breathing, and visualization techniques to activate energy flow up the spinal column.  This facilitates opening the chakras, awakening the practitioner.

Mantra

This is the fourth of the seven traditional schools of Yoga. The term Mantra comes from two Sanskrit terms: ‘Manas’ (mind) and ‘Trayati’ (liberation).  The Vedas are replete with mantras for many uses. Mantra Yoga uses a sound or short phrase.  We can verbalize or use them mentally.

Mantras are sounds that vibrate with the human nervous system’s energy centers known as Chakras. We can measure their effect on our physiology, consciousness, and awareness.  But science is still trying to determine how they work.  You can find mantras in many forms of seated and moving meditation.

Moving Meditation

This includes Eastern methods like Tai Chi and Qigong.  It also includes dance and ritual forms that you find in Bhakti Yoga.  Almost any movement can become a moving meditation with the right frame of mind.

Many moving practices correlate with seated forms of meditation. Mindfulness Meditation and Forest Bathing have both moving and seated aspects.   It relates to the eightfold path to direct and normalize energy.

Although the practice of Yoga is an exercise for the physical body, the purpose of the practice is for it to take us out of the body and into the mind space. The goal of the practice is to become a moving meditation.

Raja Yoga

Raja is the fifth of the seven traditional methods.  We know it as “royal” yoga.  It focuses on inner work.  The goal is to awaken hidden potential by investigating each aspect of the psyche.  It uses specific inner work techniques that probe the mind’s intellectual, emotional, and intuitive aspects.    It is said to bring us to a state of clear awareness and awaken psychic potential.

This system focuses on contemplation and meditation. You will find Raja and Hatha Yoga work well together. Raja prepares the mind for physical practice.  The goal is to bring the meditative Raja awareness into physical practice.

Raja Yoga is the ‘royal’ yoga.  The focus is on the holistic method similar to what they describe in the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Without the inner framework of Raja, physical postures are exercise.

We cannot attain the proper state of meditation without proper mind, body, and breath alignment.  So postures, breath, and awareness are all necessary building blocks of the complete practice.

The Siddhis

This is another branch in the lineage of Patanjali.  These are a collection of specialized Sutras.  They use these Sutras along with Japa Meditation.  Using these techniques is an advanced practice.  You need to be grounded in the 4th state to use these tools.

These Sutras are formulas that cultivate specific reactions.  These can be emotional, psychological, and even physical.

Tantra Yoga

This is the sixth of the seven traditional methods.  This practice harnesses the power of our sexual energy.  The idea is to bring balance to our nature, the feminine (Shakti) and masculine (Shiva).  Because these energies are powerful, some people misuse them.  If you use this method, it is important to find qualified instruction.

The term Tantra comes from two Sanskrit words: ‘Tanoti’ (expansion) and ‘Trayati’ (liberation).  So, it literally means to expand freedom, but with balance.  That does not allow the Ego to override our higher spiritual nature and become selfish and self-indulgent.  Tantra works through the principle of using our instinctual energy to transform consciousness.

For this transformation, there are two main paths. The outer left path is the most misunderstood form.  It uses physical, sexual energy to transcend awareness.  The inner, right path involves the individual practice of Asanas, Pranayama, and visualization to achieve the same goal.

Vinyasa

Vinyasa Yoga is a common commercial form of Yoga that includes a seamless flow of various asanas and Pranayama.   However, unlike some other forms that follow a set routine, this method uses ever-changing sequences.  The intent is to mirror the ever-changing flow of life.  It’s a physically demanding form for those who love verity and change.

Yin Yoga

The practice of Yin Yoga focuses on holding postures for long periods.  Sometimes they also use a heated room.  The purpose of this slower pace is to increase circulation and improve flexibility.  You spend upwards of 4 minutes in a pose to get the maximum benefit.

In Conclusion

Remember, you can use physical postures as exercise.  However, if you only use them as exercise and not as a link to the other eight limbs, you miss most of the benefits.  Yoga Asana is a preparatory link to the use of the higher forms.

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References

(1) Joseph Campbell & Joseph Campbell’s book The Hero’s Journey, Wikipedia

 

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