There is much to Yoga than the physical postures associated with Asana. Come and find the branch of Yoga that is right for you.
Find A Yoga Practice Right For You
To find the best practice, you need to know something about them. This will help you find a qualified path that meets your needs.
Eight Limbs of Yoga VS Seven Traditional Yoga Paths
Yoga is the most widely practiced form of spiritual development. Many in the West associate Yoga with physical postures. But the physical side is only one aspect of Yoga. Many forms are intended to activate or cleans our spiritual, physical and mental energy. The Indian system believes there are seven major energy centers along the spine called Chakras.
Indian folklore tells us Shiva, the Adiyogi or first yogi. He lived before recorded history several thousand years ago. He gave the system we know as Yoga to the Sapta Rishis. These are the original seven sages. He gave the knowledge verbally and did not leave a written record.
Legend has it Shiva was too wild to be a scholar. He chose seven people and gave each a different aspect of yoga. These became the seven traditional Yoga paths. Today there are hundreds of variations of these forms.
We know Patanjali as the father of modern yoga. However, he did not invent Yoga. Rather, he developed his own way of organizing the system. Differences in the translation of his teachings led to hundreds of variations. So, there are many ways to categorize them. Here’s a way we think is helpful. It’s important to realize that the goal of the traditional yoga asana can be a doorway to the inner journey. It all depends on the teacher and how they lead the practice.
There are seven traditional Yoga paths. But, there are eight limbs of Yoga. So, things get a little confusing. Both are a way of categorizing the components of the system. Many see the seven paths as the oldest method. The eight limbs come from Patanjali. He is a later authoritative teacher around the 2nd century. Patanjali categorized the elements of Yoga in a new way. Here’s a comparison between the two:
The seven traditional types of Yoga are:
The Eight Limbs of Yoga defined by Patanjali
1) Discipline (Yamas)
2) Self Observation and self-training (Niyamas)
3) Postures (Asana)
4) Breathing exercises (Pranayama)
5) Withdrawal of the senses (Pratyahara)
6) Concentration (Dharana)
7) Meditation (Dhyana), and
8) Samādhi and the Siddhis.
There are several differences between the two. The first and most obvious is the addition of Samadhi and Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. His system also specifies other meditative practices. He breaks out concentration, self-observation, and withdrawal of sensory input are separate categories.
The seven traditional forms include most of these practices. The major difference is the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, which were a later addition. No matter which way you categorize them, you can see there’s a lot more to Yoga than physical postures.
The Different Paths of Yoga
This has become hundreds of variations. So, there are many ways to categorize them. Here’s a little about some of the most popular types of yoga you’ll encounter today. This will help you find a Yoga practice right for you.
We also know this form as power yoga or the “eight limb path.” This is a physically demanding form. Definitely not for beginners. This method is a compilation of the late Sri K. Pattabhi Jois (1915-2009). It involves a progressively harder series of postures while synchronizing the breath.
This is the second of the seven traditional methods. It is one path of traditional Hinduism. It’s the Yoga of devotion and love for the Supreme God and Guru. It is a multifaceted method intended to transcend all religious beliefs.
This practice harnesses the energy of our emotions and direct it for greater good. Its goal is oneness through rituals, verbalizing mantras, song, and dance. The goal is to channel this energy into social and community action.
This is a popular method thanks to the controversial founder, Bikram Choudhury. It uses 26 classic postures in a increasing difficult progressions. He copied the system former teacher in India, Bishnu Ghosh, younger brother of Paramahansa Yogananda, born Mukunda L. Ghosh.
He uses an abrasive teaching style and was one of the first to use a heated room in the West. The high temperature and low humidity increase sweating. This is to expedite the sweating of toxins. It’s physically demanding. Definitely not for those who like cold weather.
He was the subject of a Netflix documentary, Bikram: Yogi, Guru, Predator. Many students have filed a variety of complaints from sexual assault to false imprisonment.
Hatha is the seventh of the seven traditional methods. “Ha” means sun and “Tha” means moon. This is a broad form which includes all physical types of practice. So, all other forms of Yoga are a subset of Hatha Yoga. This makes it the most popular form in Western culture. It is a form with the goal of balancing mind, body and spirit.
The Hatha method includes the use of Mudras. These are hand gestures which help you focus on the practice. It also incorporates a variety of Pranayama techniques for controlling breathing. Many consider this form the basic science behind all physical aspects of Yoga. These methods help bring harmony to the chakras and energy points throughout our body.
There are ever-more forms of Hatha Yoga emerging such as Pre-Natal Yoga, Acro-Yoga and Yin Yoga to name a few. This is a great and versatile means for any stage and situation in life.
This is the creation of B. K. S. Iyengar. This a form that focuses on alignment or realigning the body. It is ideal for physical therapy, recovery of injuries, and joint problems.
This is the primary inner work tool of the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. It is the key to the eight limbs of yoga. This is the meditation technique used to reach Samādhi = the transcendent state of consciousness.
Japa is the most effective way to reach the 4th state of consciousness. This is a state which differs significantly from waking, sleeping or dreaming. When using this technique your body produces a unique set of measurable physical responses. It lowers heart rate and respiration while increasing skin resistance. One achieves a profound state of rest while the mind remains alert.
This technique is commercially available under the name Transcendental Meditation or TM. Maharishi Mahesh Yogi Maharishi (1918-2008) is one of the primary pioneers of the meditation movement in the west.
This is a yoga practice which focuses on knowledge and wisdom. It is inner work that uses a technique similar to the repeating question technique. The idea is you try to get to the core answer without the interference of any previous conditioning or assumptions. To know that we don’t know and look within for all the answers.
Jnana is the first of the seven traditional forms of yoga. Many trace its lineage to Vedas and the early Upanishads. Jnana and Raja Yoga involve specific meditations to investigate the subtleties of the mind.
This is a school that promotes a holistic approach combining several of the most popular techniques. It uses Vinyasa style postures along with self-reflection, chanting, breathing exercises and meditation.
This is the third of the seven traditional forms. It is a Yoga practice focusing on positive action. This is the primary focus for those who become monks. It is showing kindness without the expectations of reward other than by showing kindness.
It can be an unnoticed deed like cleaning up litter, fixing a fallen sign or saving a drowning insect. These things are acts of kindness. It revolves around doing things for the greater good.
The Bhagavad Gita is the primary source of this philosophy and practice. It focuses on self-talk to transform attitude. This idea is to view all actions as an act of sacrifice to our divine nature. The application of this practice makes daily activities meaningful.
This is a blended form which uses traditional physical postures. The focus is on self-reflection using pranayama, music for deep relaxation, and some basic forms of seated meditation. A good all around form with both seated and moving practices. It’s a good preparation for Japa Meditation and The Siddhis.
This is a powerful meditative practice. It uses mudras, breathing, and visualization techniques. The method increases energy flow up the spinal column. This facilitates in opening the chakras, awakening the practitioner.
This is the fourth of the seven traditional schools of Yoga. The term Mantra is comes from two Sanskrit terms: ‘Manas’ (mind) and ‘Trayati’ (liberation). The Vedas are replete with mantras for many uses. Mantra Yoga uses a sound or short phrase. We can verbalize or use them mentally.
Mantras are sounds that vibrate with the energy centers of the human nervous system known as Chakras. We know the effect they have on our physiology, consciousness, and awareness. But science is still trying to determine how they work. You can find mantras in many forms of seated and moving meditation.
This includes Eastern methods like Tai Chi and Qigong. It also includes forms of dance and ritual that you find in Bhakti Yoga. Almost any movement can become a moving meditation with the right frame of mind.
There are many moving practices that correlate with seated forms of meditation. Mindfulness Meditation and Forest Bathing are two that have both moving and seated aspects. It relates to the eightfold path to direct and normalize energy.
Although the practice of Yoga is exercise for the physical body. But the purpose of the practice is for it to take us out of the body and into the mind space. The goal for the practice is to become a moving meditation.
Raja is the fifth of the seven traditional methods. We know it as the “royal” yoga. It focuses on inner work. The goal is to awaken hidden potential by investigating each aspect of the psyche. It uses specific inner work techniques that probe the intellectual, emotional and intuitive aspects of the mind. It is said to bring us to a state of clear awareness and awaken psychic potential.
This system focuses on contemplation and meditation. You will find Raja and Hatha Yoga work well together. Raja prepares the mind for the physical practice. The goal is to bring the meditative Raja awareness into the physical practice.
Raja Yoga, is the ‘royal’ yoga. The focus is on the holistic method similar to what they describe in the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Without the inner framework of Raja, physical postures are exercise.
We cannot attain the proper state of meditation without proper alignment of mind, body and breath. So postures, breath and awareness are all necessary building blocks of the complete practice.
This is another branch in the lineage of Patanjali. These are a collection of specialized Sutras. They use these Sutras along with Japa Meditation. Using these techniques is an advanced practice. You need to be grounded in the 4th state in order to use these tools.
These Sutras are formulas that cultivate specific reactions. These can be emotional, psychological and even physical.
This is the sixth of the seven traditional methods. The goal of this practice is to harness the power of our sexual energy. The idea is to bring balance to our nature, the feminine (Shakti) and masculine (Shiva). Because these energies are powerful, some people misuse them. If you use this method, it is important to find qualified instruction.
The term Tantra comes from two Sanskrit words: ‘Tanoti’ (expansion) and ‘Trayati’ (liberation). So, it literally means to expand freedom, but with balance. That is not allow the Ego to override our higher spiritual nature and become selfish and self-indulgent. Tantra works through the principle of using our instinctual energy to transform consciousness.
For this transformation there are two main paths. The outer left path is the most misunderstood form. It uses physical sexual energy to transcend awareness. The inner, right path involves the individual practice of Asanas, Pranayama and visualization to achieve the same goal.
This is a common commercial form of Yoga which includes a seamless flow of various asana along with Pranayama. However, unlike some other forms that follow a set routine, this method uses ever-changing sequences. The intent is to mirror the ever-changing flow of life. It’s a physically demanding form for those who love verity and change.
This is a yoga practice that holds postures for long periods of time. Sometimes they also use a heated the room. The purpose of this slower pace is to increase circulation and improve flexibility. You spend upwards of 4 minutes in a pose to get the maximum benefit.
Remember, you can use the physical postures as exercise. However, if you only use them as exercise and not as a link to other eight limbs you are missing most of the benefits. Yoga Assana are a preparatory link to the use of the higher forms.
We hope you found this article helpful, maybe even thought-provoking. You will find more interesting posts on our blog page. Use the “search” option on the blog page to find articles by key terms, topics, or category.
Does spiritual exploration interest you? If so, we offer both face-to-face and virtual learning sessions. We use a blended learning process to get the best learning outcomes. This blended approach aligns with what Joseph Campbell calls the Hero’s Journey.
Joseph Campbell & Joseph Campbell’s book The Hero’s Journey, Wikipedia