“Consciousness is like a rainbow, it has a multitude of colors.” ― Guru Tua
Defining these terms is an excellent first step. However, this is more difficult than you would think. That’s because, like a rainbow, our extraordinary consciousness is a kaleidoscope of colors. The colors of our perception overlap and sometimes run together. Yet, most people live their entire lives in the three primary colors or states. These are waking, sleeping, and dreaming. So, they miss a vast range of other possibilities.
Consciousness Is Like a Rainbow
We experience a range of awareness, but we overlook the subtle shifts. We are more alert and make better decisions when we are fully rested. We shift between different states of consciousness. We transition between waking, sleeping, and dreaming states every day. These are just the default settings of consciousness.
Waking, sleeping, and dreaming are the beginning. There are many variations of altered awareness and several higher states of consciousness. But many people live their lives in the default modes. Our goal is to help you see the possibilities within our rainbow of consciousness. We hope it stimulates your curiosity to find out more about the other colors.
Ordinary and Non-Ordinary Reality
First, we have two big buckets of perception, ordinary and non-ordinary reality. There are many philosophies and ways to define and describe these two concepts. We’ll try to simplify the definitions.
- Ordinary reality is a is generally accepted view of the senses. It is where time and space “appear” to exist as constants.
- Ordinary reality is a is generally accepted view of the senses. It is where time and space “appear” to exist as constants.
- Non-ordinary reality is what we experience outside of the corporeal. It includes our thoughts, day-dreaming, and dreams while we sleep. All of this takes place outside of the realm of time and space. Think about it. For now, we won’t open Pandora’s Box concerning whether time and space are “real” or an illusion of the mind.
Three Basic Partitions of Consciousness
Next, we have three primary partitions of consciousness, waking, dreaming, and sleeping. The waking state of consciousness is the primary platform of perception. The default setting is ‘ordinary reality.’
Then we have sleeping and dreaming states, which are everyday experiences. The dream state is fascinating because it provides proof of non-ordinary reality. When we sleep and dream, we are generally unaware of time or space. When we dream, we enter a landscape of non-ordinary reality. We don’t need drugs to induce an altered state. Next, let’s look at each of these three and build upon the possibilities.
The average waking state is the like RAM setting of a computer. It is the platform for human experience. In the normal waking state, the brain frequency operates in the beta range of 13 to 20 Hz. When we are asleep, the normal range is in the delta range of around 1 to 3 cycles per second. The lines of demarcation between these primary states are often indistinguishable. We are rarely aware of the shift from one state to the next. We will come back to this important point later. Let’s talk about sleeping and dreaming for a moment.
The Analogy of Someone Who Has Never Slept
Let’s imagine you met someone who has never fallen asleep, so consequently, they have never had a dream. How could we explain how to “fall” asleep and the benefits of doing so? If they asked you, “how do you know you are asleep?”
You’d have to tell them you don’t know you are asleep. That’s because when you are sleeping, you are unaware of time. Several hours pass, and you have no experience of time passing.
After you sleep, you awaken refreshed and rested. The only thing that could happen while you are asleep is that you might have dreams. Okay, now you have to explain what dreams are. Now, this leads to more trouble because some dreams become intense hallucinations known as nightmares. Yes, the most frightening things you could imagine. And, they seem real.
At this point in our discussion, the other person is becoming more hesitant. They are not sure they want to attempt sleeping. Not only is it a waste of time, but they “lose” awareness of their body. And they don’t like the possibility of having a frightening nightmare. So, the answer to the sleep experience is “no.”
These are the excuses people use for not exploring other states of consciousness. They don’t have any similar experiences to compare. So, it is scary.
Altering, Expanding, Reaching Higher States
Before we delve into the details of each, here are the short answers:
- Altering consciousness involves changing or manipulating the waking state of perception. For example, an anesthesiologist will administer drug compounds to alter your consciousness. These compounds change our ability to feel physical pain.
- Expanding awareness involves a “eureka” experience of additional perception. An example is the dream state. Most people don’t remember their dreams. So, if we use techniques to remember our dreams, we expand the range of awareness and perception.
- Reaching higher states of consciousness is one of the primary goals of self-development. These are partitions of awareness different from waking, dreaming, or sleeping. They are states of consciousness with unique physiological and perceptive characteristics.
When you alter consciousness, this refers to distorting the waking state of awareness. Distortion of awareness occurs when we subject it to some stimuli. For example, when injecting or ingesting psychoactive elements. Altered states caused by psychoactive ingredients are limited in duration. Alcohol is an example of a socially acceptable substance for altering consciousness.
Many indigenous cultures use repetitive percussive or tonal sounds to produce altered states. Some use a combination of sound, pharmacology, and ritual. These practices have their roots in the shamanic traditions of the past. Meditation, chanting, and the spiritual journey can also create altered states of consciousness. These spiritual technologies may also provide gateways into higher states of consciousness.
Several things can induce an altered state. Some people experience altered states because of a traumatic event. Near-death experiences are an altered psychedelic state. Medical conditions like epilepsy can cause altered states. Depriving the body of water, oxygen, or sleep can cause an altered hallucinogenic state. Some effects of the altered state are predictable.
As was mentioned earlier, expanding awareness usually involves a personal “eureka” experience. Remembering more of our dreams is the easiest way of increasing the range of awareness.
Another example is using the analytical mind to grasp how our mind works. The best tool we’ve found for this the Enneagram of Personality. This process uses a test to identify your personality’s nine essential components. Everyone is a little different, but we all have a default setting.
Yet another example is the perspective you get by studying basic logic. The analytical powers of the mind can transform our perception. Logic and common sense are helpful tools in spiritual exploration. They help us sort out the facts from the fiction. Many ancient cultures taught common sense along with other more esoteric methods.
Reaching Higher States of Consciousness
Higher states of consciousness are sometimes more difficult. They often deal with perceptual elements well outside the range of ordinary reality. Here, it’s like different worldviews of an insect and man. Both occupy the same world but with vastly different perceptions of reality.
In the next section, we’ll discuss the partitions of higher awareness. People see these as the Non-Ordinary States of Consciousness in the modern world. But, this depends upon who defines ordinary.
The Non-Ordinary Range of Awareness
Most people start life with the three default states of consciousness. These are the partitions of waking, sleeping, and dreaming. Our ancestors were curious about the boundaries of consciousness. They developed techniques for exploring other realms of awareness. We know these as non-ordinary states because they aren’t accepted in the Western world.
We find there are two higher states of consciousness practiced around the world. These are Transcendental Consciousness and the Shamanic State of Consciousness.
Transcendental Consciousness has several names. Some call it the 4th state, pure or bliss state of consciousness. It’s a partition of consciousness that has unique metabolic characteristics. The most notable is a change in the increased coherence of brainwave patterns. Here the brainwaves operate in the theta-wave area around 4 to 7 Hz.
This state is most notable for its profound state of rest. The mind remains alert but without thought. Scholars from Joseph Campbell to Maharishi Mahesh Yogi describe it as bliss consciousness. In this partition of consciousness, you remain self-aware without having the typical inner dialogue. The process used to reach this state of consciousness is Japa Meditation. Maharishi calls this process Transcendental Meditation.
Earlier, we talked about how most people do not notice the shift between different states. Some people have this ability. We call them gifted. But, you can learn to do this too. All you need to do is practice the methods of meditation noted above. It will show you how consciousness is like a rainbow. After practicing meditation, you will notice these shifts. Once you experience it for yourself, you will understand how pure consciousness underlies all states of awareness. This realization is one way you know that you are expanding awareness.
Shamanic State of Consciousness
The shamanic journey’s imaginary landscape is the fifth state of non-ordinary consciousness. Michael Harner, (1) anthropologist and modern shaman, calls this state the Shamanic State of Consciousness (SSC). In this state, the brainwaves are also in the theta-wave area. Besides being self-aware, you project yourself into a “visionary state” of consciousness. You are both the director and participant within a landscape of non-ordinary reality.
This partition of awareness is the most ancient form of spiritual practice known. The Shamanic Journey has similarities across many cultures. It is the most likely source of modern religion. It has been rebranded and given a new name to make it more acceptable. We know it today as guided meditation, creative visualization, and mindscape. The Shamanic State of Consciousness is significant for several characteristics. The person using SSC controls when, where, and how long they travel. By setting the goal of their journey, they provide a level of freedom and control.
Combining the States of Consciousness
Now we have what you could call our five primary states of consciousness. These include the three primary states of waking, sleeping, and dreaming. To these, we’ve added two other higher states, the transcendental consciousness and the Shamanic State of Consciousness. These are like the different colors of our rainbow. What’s more important is that there are many different shades in between these five. Each color of the rainbow fades into and overlaps another. Combining these states is also one of the goals of awareness.
The Sixth State of Consciousness
The sixth state of consciousness demonstrates how consciousness is like a rainbow. Here we see where two colors intersect and create a new partition of awareness. Combining the waking state with the transcendent state, we get “cosmic consciousness.”
The sixth state is an example of combining two forms of consciousness—one from ordinary and non-ordinary reality. In the sixth state, the transcendent is brought into waking awareness, and it’s a significant development. It shows us how versatile consciousness can be. It is like the advent of color TV from black and white.
One achieves this state through regular Japa or TM meditation. The mind is naturally drawn to the state of bliss. So, it is natural to bring this quality into the waking state of ordinary reality. The resulting experience is what we refer to as “witnessing.” Here the mind can perceive two vantage points of reality simultaneously. This separation isn’t a philosophical position. It is the experience of being separate from the body while being fully “present” in mind and body. (Sorry, but it’s like explaining to someone that has never slept what it is like to dream.)
This 6th state provides experiential proof that reality is a collective holographic construct. There is also the experiential realization that “we” are one with this reality. We are both the Observer and the participant, and this is where we get the concept of Oneness.
Lucid Dreaming the Seventh State
Some believe that lucid dreaming should be the seventh state because it combines two or possibly three consciousness states. In lucid dreaming, one is present; they “know” they are dreaming. This level of perception is the same as the waking state. REM is a unique partition of the sleeping state. It is similar to the SSC, where you move within an imaginary landscape. In lucid dreaming, you also create and direct the experience. What do you think?
There you have the basic landscape of the states of consciousness. Now hopefully, you can grasp how consciousness is like a rainbow. And, we haven’t even talked about the non-linear nature of time. We hope this helps you understand the shapes and colors of the rainbow of perception.
There are several ancient tools for expanding and exploring consciousness. We call them spiritual technologies.
Spiritual technologies are methods for exploring human consciousness. These methods come from all around the globe, and they comprise a diverse body of practical mental tools. You can use these tools to develop your potential, open spiritual gifts, expand awareness, and reach higher states of consciousness.
We select the best of these ancient methods for our blended learning method. These processes are time-tested by generations of use, and they stand up to the rigorous tests of science.
The techniques we use are repeatable processes, and several produce measurable effects on our physiology. These changes include increased brainwave coherence, lower heart rate, and increased skin resistance. These changes prove these techniques produce states of consciousness that differ significantly from waking, dreaming, and sleeping.
Anyone can use these processes to develop their full potential. They do not require faith or belief in any religious doctrine. All you need to do is follow the process, and it’s just like following the recipe for baking a cake. If you combine the right ingredients in the right way and you get something delicious.
We divide these tools into four major categories:
Everyone can develop their path, and you can start with any of these methods. The more of them you use, the faster your progress.
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(1) Michael Harner, Wikipedia
(2) Joseph Campbell & Joseph Campbell’s book The Hero’s Journey, Wikipedia