This is the ultimate platform for integrating mind, body, and spiritual nature. Its goal is consciousness development and exploration.
The Tree of Knowledge
The Eightfold Path appears in Buddhism. Siddhartha Gautama, known as the Buddha, coined this term in his first major talk on enlightenment. We also find this same pattern is also in several other Eastern traditions. And, we can identify one or more of these eight components in indigenous cultures around the world. There are several versions of the concept involving the development of consciousness. We’ll discuss some dominant themes here. If you find one or more that resonates, then that is a clue to where you should start your journey.
The eightfold path is one a way to describe a comprehensive approach to spiritual exploration. Joseph Campbell called this pattern the Hero’s Journey. We use this same age-old strategy in our blended learning process. The Hero’s Journey is a way of grouping these eight components into three developmental steps. These are awakening, transforming, and inspiring. You could say that all it contains the elements of the different eightfold paths from Buddhism and Hinduism. This tree of knowledge expressing in unique ways across different cultures.
The Eightfold Path in Buddhism
In brief, the eight elements of the path are:
- “Correct view” an accurate understanding of the nature of things, specifically the Four Noble Truths. The Four Noble Truths receive the most attention in later teaching within Buddhism. Some hold these four elements are the essence of Buddha’s teachings. But some ambiguity in their practical application. The same with the rest of the admonitions. These include the truth of suffering. The truth of the cause of suffering. The truth of the end of suffering, and the truth of the path that leads to the end of suffering.
- Avoiding thoughts of attachment. This is “Correct intention” and includes thoughts of hatred and harmful intent.
- Refrain from saying things that would create discord. This is “Correct speech”, and includes lying, divisive speech, harsh speech, and senseless speech.
- Don’t commit violent or harmful acts. This is “Correct action”, this includes murder, stealing, and rape.
- Avoid working or contributing to ventures which harm others or the environment. This is “Correct livelihood.” And it prohibits certain activities. This includes selling slaves, weapons, selling animals for slaughter, making intoxicants, or poisons.
- Abandon negative thoughts and encourage positive is referred to as “Correct effort.”
- Awareness of thoughts, body, feelings and immediate environment is “Correct mindfulness.”
- “Correct concentration,” translates to single-mindedness.
Summation of The Buddhist Path
This list of “Correctness” is heavily weighted toward moral conduct similar to what we find in the Old Testament ten commandments. However, it is absent the submission to high power. This framework describes everything in the negative. You must refrain, abandon, and avoid, similar to the ten commandments. It’s a list of things that are prohibited. The last three are positive admonitions. The cultivation of positive thoughts, mindfulness, and concentration. Some people think Buddhism is a religion. But, you don’t necessarily need to be a Buddhist to follow this tree of knowledge.
The Eightfold Pattern in Indian Yoga
The eightfold path pattern also appears in Indian Yoga. Almost everyone is familiar with the term Yoga. And, most people associate yoga with the physical postures of Yoga known as Asana. So, the popularity of Yoga postures is both positive and negative. In the West, the Yoga postures are simply another form of exercise. There certainly are health and wellness benefits to the practice of these Asanas.
However, some people believe Yoga Asana has been taken out of its rightful context. Instead of a building block of enlightenment, some use it as another form of exercise. As a result, marketing the physical postures as a separate practice detracts from their real purpose. We certainly see their point. Thinking of Yoga as only physical postures is certainly not an accurate representation of the system. On the positive side, the practice of Yoga Asana can open the doorway to the goal of consciousness development.
The Elements of the Eightfold Path
The eightfold path is a splendid example of how a religious tradition can be beneficial. In this case, preserving the integrity of the teaching for generations. We hope that this holistic approach continues. Here are the eight limbs of this well-rounded spiritual path.
- Discipline (Yamas)
- Self Observation and self-training (Niyamas)
- Postures (Asana)
- Breathing exercises (Pranayama)
- Withdrawal of the senses (Pratyahara)
- Concentration (Dharana)
- Meditation (Dhyana), and
- Perfected concentration the goal. This is one way to reach the transcendent state of consciousness Samādhi. Seated meditation is the most common way to this 4th state. However, it’s not confined to silent meditation. You can combine this with other waking states to achieve higher states.
Defining the Terms
- Yama = codes of discipline and self-regulation
- Niyama = observances, practices, self-training
- Asana = meditation posture (from the root which means “to sit”)
- Pranayama = expansion of breath and prana, regulation, control
- Pratyahara = withdrawal of the Indriyas (the senses), bringing inward
- Dharana = concentration, the use of the analytical mind
- Dhyana = meditation processes
- Samādhi = the transcendent state of consciousness
- Ashtau = eight
- Angani = rungs, limbs, accessories, components, steps, parts, members, constituents
The Eightfold Path in other Traditions
One or more of the eight elements can be found in other traditions. So, you can create your path by borrowing from different traditions. This eclectic approach isn’t new.
Contemporary researchers like George Ivanovich Gurdjieff is an example. He combined methods from Aisa and Europe to create his schools of consciousness development. You can find similarities in processes and goals across cultures. Here are just a few examples of the similarities of the spiritual technologies across different cultures. They use the tree of knowledge about consciousness to combine different systems and processes.
1. Energy Collection and Healing
Our first example is Kundalini Yoga. Kundalini is an Indian technique that cultivates energy up through the body and out through the head. This type of Yoga is practiced from a seated posture. Tai Chi is a Chinese moving type of energy generation. It can produce the same type of upward flowing energy. So, this shows how different processes cultivate the same flowing energy. Every culture may describe it slightly differently, but it’s the same energy. Similarly, Qigong is the Chinese form of this energy brought into active motion. There are a variety of ways to use this energy for healing. Reiki is a Japanese system of focusing on healing energy. Pejut is an Indonesian system with a similar focus but a more “hands-on” process.
2. Shamanic Journey
Many cultures also use a form of meditative processes more commonly known as the Shamanic Journey. Shamanic forms have gone through a re-branding to make them more palatable for the West. Today the Shamanic Journey is better known as “guided meditation.” You can practice this form as silent meditation, or an active form of dance. One can attain Samādhi through several forms of meditation such is Japa Meditation. This process is now popular across the globe thanks to Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. He coined his version of this process Transcendental Meditation. No matter what you call them, these branches are part of the same tree.
3. Analytical Approaches
If you like a more analytical approach, Dharana or concentration is a good starting place for you. Investigating and then learning to apply logical reasoning helps you to spot logical fallacies. The Enneagram Personality Profile is another analytical tool to understand personality and instinct. We can find each of these technologies around the globe in both Eastern and Western traditions.
4. Codes of Self-Discipline
Yama refers to codes of discipline and self-regulation. The Dalai Lama has a list of 18 rules for living. The Four Agreements by Miguel Ruiz is an even more simplified list of guidelines for living. There are some religions which have hundreders and even thousands of rules that govern almost every aspect of waking life. Some philosophies combine moral living and self-discipline. “Do what is right, respect, and honor everyone and all life.” Self-discipline can help you become more attentive and focused. It can also be a way of learning an unfamiliar language. It takes many forms. We find this concept in many traditions.
5. Breathing Techniques
Pranayama has to do with the breath. There are obvious connections between breath and consciousness. Hyperventilating is a practice you’ll find in many traditions. You can alter consciousness and perception through breathing. Observing and controlling the breath is often a part of many spiritual practices. You’ll find it a part of the preparatory phase of seated meditation, like Japa. Likewise, breathing exercises are part of many energy collection processes from East to West.
Pratyahara relates closely to Yama. Pratyahara translates to the withdrawal of senses, but it’s much more than withdrawal. In this case, it involves learning to observe and control our thoughts and emotions. Thus, turning the attention away from the external, but not ignoring it either. Self-Observation is one skill set that can be cultivated.
Observing internal thought processes also correlates to Niyama. This is the observance of practices for self-training. Self-training requires self-observation. Most people aren’t aware of this level of thought and emotion. So, it takes techniques with mantras and chanting to suspend the active mind. And, guess what? This too is similar to the process for achieving the transcendent state of Samādhi. Likewise, it also has similarities to the Analytical process of the Enneagram of Personality. Consequently, one sees how each of the eight limbs of this path is interwoven. It shows us how the mind is a paradox. It uses itself to move beyond itself.
It’s not in what you believe is important. Instead, it’s all about applying the processes like those of the eightfold path. As a result, it is a calling. It is a Hero’s Journey. You begin this inner quest like any other. You must take the first step and do something. There are several things within the platform of spiritual exploration. What’s important is that you start.
If you are already studying or using some form of consciousness exploration, be sure to test your path. Make sure you are going in the direction of enlightenment. Don’t get sidetracked by religion. People from all types of philosophical and religious backgrounds can use the eightfold path. This holistic philosophy will enhance your practice.
Interested in spiritual exploration? Check out the blended learning process at the core of our teaching process. It reflects what Joseph Campbell called the Hero’s Journey. Our learning options include both face-to-face and virtual learning sessions. Please consider donating and supporting our mission. This helps others learn the knowledge for developing their path.
Joseph Campbell & Joseph Campbell’s book The Hero’s Journey, Wikipedia